Fig. 67–68: Archive.org. 2), with Lewis Redner’s tune dubbed ST. LOUIS, possibly a thinly veiled nod to the composer. Neither Mr. Brooks nor I ever thought the carol or the music to it would live beyond that Christmas of 1868. "O Little Town of Bethlehem" is a Christmas carol. This experience was the seed of his desire to write a hymn on the subject. As an Amazon Associate, qualifying purchases made through links to Amazon help fund the research and development behind this website. Dr. Huntington, rector of All Saints’ Church, Worcester, Mass., asked permission to print it in his Sunday-school hymn and tune book, called The Church Porch, and it was he who christened the music SAINT LOUIS.[2]. Chris Fenner, Editor©2018–2020 Hymnology Archive, https://hymnary.org/text/o_little_town_of_bethlehem. The folk tune is associated with a song called “The Ploughboy’s Dream” (“I am a plough boy stout and strong”) with words traceable as early as 1795 in a broadside preserved in the Bodleian Library (Bod19089 / Harding B 7 (44) | PDF), text attributed to William Mason (1725–1777). But I was roused from sleep late in the night hearing an angel-strain whispering in my ear, and seizing a piece of music paper I jotted down the treble of the tune as we now have it, and on Sunday morning before going to church I filled in the harmony. The everlasting light; The hopes and fears of all the years. Music by Lewis H. Redner using ST. LOUIS tune. 203–204 (Fig. John 1:4–9 speaks of Christ as a light shining in the darkness. Williams’ transcription was printed in the Journal of the Folk-Song Society, vol. Redner worked in the real-es­tate bus­i­ness in Philadelphia, and played the or­gan at four dif­fer­ent church­es dur­ing his life. 2 above). Above thy deep and dreamless sleep The silent stars go by. LOUIS, by Lewis H. Redner, 1868. Such is the case with “O little town of Bethlehem.” Phillips Brooks (1835-1893) wrote this beloved Christmas hymn for the Sunday school children at his Philadelphia parish, Holy Trinity Church, following a pilgrimage to Bethlehem in 1865, according to British hymnologist J. R. Watson. The editors used the full five stanzas of the hymn, with a transposition of the quatrains in stanza two, and Brooks’ alteration of stanza four to avoid the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception. We hear the Christmas angels The great glad tidings tell; O come to us, abide with us, Our Lord Emmanuel. It’s curiously chromatic, which I think gives it a special appeal to many people. So God imparts to human hearts The blessings of his heav'n. Words; Music; St Louis; Forest Green; Other versions; References; External links; Words. The English Hymnal (Oxford: University Press, 1906). What song is that? The text was written by Phillips Brooks (1835-1893), an Episcopal priest, Rector of the Church of the Holy Trinity, Philadelphia. The above text from the Wikipedia article "O Little Town of Bethlehem" text is available under CC BY-SA 3.0. O little town of Bethlehem — St. Louis. Dutton, 1904 | Fig. Music: Lewis H. Redner, 1830-1908. O Little Town Of Bethlehem. W. Garrett Horder, Worship Song with Accompanying Tunes (London: Novello, 1905). The hymn appeals, of course, to the Nativity story, especially the passage in Luke 2 and the name “Immanuel” from Matthew 1:23. Louis F. Benson, “O little town of Bethlehem,” Studies of Familiar Hymns (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1903), pp. 2, no. 5). "O Little Town of Bethlehem" is a popular Christmas carol. We gladly accept submissions of high-caliber, academic scholarship. 85–86: Archive.org. (London: Psalms and Hymns Trust, 1967), pp. This carol was introduced to British worshipers in W. Garrett Horder’s Treasury of Hymns (London, 1896) and The Treasury of American Sacred Song (London: Henry Frowde, 1896), pp. When Brooks was rector of the Church of the Holy Trinity, Philadelphia, he had spent a year traveling abroad, 1865–1866, including a visit to the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, where he participated in a service lasting from the late hours of Christmas Eve through early hours of Christmas morning, 1865. This song has been indexed in 41 languages: Go. Print and Download O Little Town Of Bethlehem (St. Louis) sheet music. Brooks’ 1904 revision was adopted into The English Hymnal (1906 | Fig. 4). For Christ is born of Mary, and gathered all above, while mortals sleep, the angels keep their watch of wond'ring love. Davies’ setting has the first three stanzas melody-only with accompaniment, and the fourth labeled as a refrain in four-part harmony. Page number: Blue 152, Right-Click Here to Download MIDI File. J. Ithel Jones, et al., “O little town of Bethlehem,” The Baptist Hymn Book Companion, rev. 197–198. ^ a b Louis F. Benson, "O Little Town of Bethlehem". It was adapted from O Little Town of Bethlehem [St. Louis melody] (Chris Eaton, Lewis Redner and Phillips Brooks). Fig. Fig. O morning stars together Proclaim the holy birth; And praises sing to God the King, And peace to men on earth. O little town of Bethlehem, how still we see thee lie! CHRISTMAS CAROL is by Henry Walford Davies (1869–1941), first published in W. Garrett Horder’s Worship Song (London: Novello, 1905 | Fig. December 17, 2020 By PastorJWMacFarlane. Among other details, he noticed the inner rhyme of the third and seventh lines of each stanza (except st. 3): “He breaks up the remaining interior eight-syllable third and seventh lines by incorporating rhyme at their midpoints, an attention to scale that bespeaks careful consideration of children’s needs in learning poetry” (p. 124). The beloved Christmas hymn "O Little Town of Bethlehem" (ST. LOUIS) has been thoughtfully re-harmonized by Mike Carson. Williams was music editor of The English Hymnal (1906), and part of his work in involved a deep interest in collecting and preserving English folk tunes, similar to what the Irish had been doing in their Church Hymnal. 4–6. Music notes for instrument parts sheet music by Michael Burkhardt: MorningStar Music Publishers at … O Little Town Of Bethlehem (St Louis) O Little Town Of Bethlehem (St Louis) Don Chapman, Lewis Henry Redner, Phillips Brooks This is a subscriber feature. The United Methodist Hymnal Number 230. O Little Town of Bethlehem is a popular Christmas carol. Carl P. Daw Jr., Glory to God: A Companion (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2016), “O little town of Bethlehem,” pp. Parry & Erik Routley, “O little town of Bethlehem,” Companion to Congregational Praise (London: Independent Press, 1953), pp. 2, no. Mr. Brooks came to me on Friday, and said, “Redner, have you ground out that music yet to ‘O little town of Bethlehem’?” I replied, “no,” but that he should have it by Sunday. "O Little Town of Bethlehem" is a popular Christmas carol. Arranged by Fritz Stanley for three-part chorus of … 1. Christmas Songs and Easter Carols by Phillips Brooks (NY: E.P. We were to practice it on the following Sunday. An undated manuscript of the carol is held in the archives of the Holy Trinity Church, Philadelphia. "O Little Town of Bethlehem" is a popular Christmas carol. O Little Town of Bethlehem. 5). He wrote a letter to the Sunday School classes of Holy Trinity on 19 February 1866, mentioning the experience: Life and Letters of Phillips Brooks, vol. I cannot tell you how many Sunday mornings since I left you I have seemed to stand in the midst of our crowded schoolroom again, and look about and know every face and every class just as I used to; nor how many times I have heard one of our home hymns ringing very strangely and sweetly through the different music of some far-off country. 1. Yet in thy dark streets shineth The everlasting light; The hopes and fears of all the years Are met in thee tonight. Dutton, 1904). 299–300. Redner also worked with the church's Sunday school program and seems to have devoted much of his life to religious worship in general. *The sample audio file was generated using Hauptwerk Virtual Pipe Organ software and the Haverhill OIC extended sample set available from Lavender Audio. 54–60. Download and print in PDF or MIDI free sheet music for O Little Town of Bethlehem - St Louis arranged by St. Marys Cathedral Kuala Lumpur for Piano (Piano Duo) ... O Little Town Of Bethlehem - Notes On The Carol. The text of the hymn was first published in The Sunday School Service and Hymn Book, arranged by the Sunday School Committee of the Diocese of Ohio (NY: E.P. The text was written by Phillips Brooks (1835–1893), an Episcopal priest, Rector of the Church of the Holy Trinity, Philadelphia. O little town of Bethlehem, How still we see thee lie; Above thy deep and dreamless sleep. In this collection, Brooks’ original fourth stanza was omitted, and this has become the usual custom. Key signature: F major (1 flat) Public Domain. Yet in thy dark streets shineth The everlasting Light; The hopes and fears of all the years Are met in thee tonight. ST. LOUIS was composed for this text by Lewis Henry Redner (1831–1908), first printed on broadsheets by a local bookseller, then published more widely in The Church Porch (1874 | Fig. Studies Of Familiar Hymns, First Series (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press. Charles Nutter & Wilbur F. Tillett, “O little town of Bethlehem,” The Hymns and Hymn Writers of the Church (NY: Eaton & Mains, 1911), pp. Hymnologist Erik Routley offered this assessment of Davies’ tune: This delightful melody has nothing at all in common with mediaeval carol tunes, but it is the pure essence of its composer’s musical idiom. It was covered by … What page? For Christ is born of Mary; And gathered all above, While mortals sleep, the angels keep Their watch of wondering love. No ear may hear his coming, But in this world of sin, Where meek souls will receive him still, The dear Christ enters in. Fig. 130–131. Dutton, 1882) Hymnals typically borrow the refrain’s four-part harmonization and use it for all the stanzas. 4. 124-125; “FOREST GREEN,” p. 677. The song Little Town was written by Chris Eaton, Lewis Redner and Phillips Brooks and was first released by Cliff Richard in 1982. The peaceful mood of the tune ST. LOUIS may be used to introduce or conclude a time of silent prayer. O little town of Bethlehem, how still we see thee lie; Above thy deep and dreamless sleep the silent stars go by; yet in thy dark streets shineth the everlasting Light; the hopes and fears of all the years are met in thee tonight. Above thy deep and dreamless sleep The silent stars go by; Yet in thy dark streets shineth The everlasting Light; The hopes and fears of all the years Are met in thee tonight. Dutton & Co., 1894), pp. Dutton, 1870). “O little town of Bethlehem,” Hymnary.org:https://hymnary.org/text/o_little_town_of_bethlehem. My recollection is that Richard McCauley, who then had a bookstore on Chestnut Street west of Thirteenth Street, printed it on leaflets for sale. This 19th century carol is by Phillips Brooks (1835–1893). How silently, how silently The wondrous gift is given! Sunday School Service and Hymn Book (NY: E.P. K.L. First line: O little town of Bethlehem / O little town of Bethlehem, How still we see thee ... St. Louis (by Lewis H. Redner) O Little Town of Bethlehem (by Michelle Willis) Text only [undetermined] English. The final stanza seems to refer to the spiritual birth described in John 3. "O Little Town of Bethlehem" is a popular Christmas carol. 2. Journal of the Folk-Song Society, vol. Brooks wrote his hymn in late 1868 for the Sunday service on 27 December 1868. 8 (1906). The silent stars go by: Yet in thy dark streets shineth. Rev. Score,Set of Parts sheet music by Lewis Redner: James Gilbert Music at Sheet Music Plus. Fig. He was inspired by visiting the Palestinian city of Bethlehem in 1865. It was originally written for children, but is used by Christians of all ages. 265–267. Fig. Sign in now to your account or sign up to access all the great features of SongSelect. For Christ is born of Mary, and gathered all above, While mortals sleep, the angels keep their watch of wondering love. Above thy deep and dreamless sleep the silent stars go by. Dutton, 1874 | Fig. The folk tune FOREST GREEN was transcribed by Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872–1958) from a Mr. Garman in the village of Forest Green, Surrey, England, in December of 1903. 1. August 29, 1908, Ho­tel Marl­bo­rough, Atlantic City, New Jersey) was an American musician, best known as the composer of the popular Christmas carol "St. Louis", better known as "O Little Town of Bethlehem". ("O Little Town of Bethlehem" is sung in the U.K. to the tune Forest Green in an adaptation by Ralph Vaughan Williams .) Based on an 1868 text written by Phillips Brooks, the carol is popular on both sides of the Atlantic , but to different tunes: in North America to "St. Louis" by Brook's collaborator, Lewis Redner; and in the United Kingdom and Ireland to "Forest Green", a tune collected by Ralph Vaughan Williams and first published in the 1906 English Hymnal. 1. O little town of Bethlehem, How still we see thee lie! His organist, Lewis H. Redner (1831–1908), later recalled the process of being asked to write a tune for it: As Christmas of 1868 approached, Mr. Brooks told me that he had written a simple little carol for the Christmas Sunday-school service, and he asked me to write the tune to it. Above thy deep and dreamless sleep The silent stars go by. 3. Brooks’ text and Redner’s tune were first published together in William R. Huntington’s The Church Porch: A Service Book and Hymnal for Sunday Schools (NY: E.P. On the Saturday night previous my brain was all confused about the tune. About the text author. I remember especially on Christmas Eve, when I was standing in the old church at Bethlehem, close to the spot where Jesus was born, when the whole church was ringing hour after hour with the splendid hymns of praise to God, how again and again it seemed as if I could hear voices that I knew well, telling each other of the “Wonderful night” of the Saviour’s birth, as I had heard them a year before; and I assure you I was glad to shut my ears for a while and listen to the more familiar strains that came wandering to me halfway round the world.[1]. Hymnologist Carl Daw prepared a detailed analysis of the poetry for Glory to God: A Companion (2016). [4], by CHRIS FENNERfor Hymnology Archive3 April 2019rev. Carol A. Doran & Alan Luff, “O little town of Bethlehem,” Hymnal 1982 Companion, vol. Sunday morning, I will ask us all to stand and sing that wonderful Christmas carol St. Louis. Contents. 6. O little town of Bethlehem, how still we see thee lie! O little town of Bethlehem, how still we see thee lie! Above thy deep and dreamless sleep The silent stars go by. Frank Colquhoun, “O little town of Bethlehem,” Hymns that Live (Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity, 1980), pp. Original Trinity Hymnal, #152. 5. Music: "St. Louis," Lewis Henry Redner (1831-1908), 1868. The end of stanza three, “Where meek souls will receive him still,” is possibly an allusion Revelation 3:20 (“Behold, I stand at the door and knock…”). (S0.85861). 2 December 2019, Phillips Brooks, Letters of Travel (NY: E.P. O little town of Bethlehem, how still we see thee lie; above thy deep and dreamless sleep the silent stars go by: yet in thy dark streets shineth the everlasting Light; the hopes and fears of all the years are met in thee tonight. Text: Phillips Brooks, 1835-1893. William R. Huntington, The Church Porch: A Service Book and Hymnal for Sunday Schools (NY: E.P. 1 (1900). I. Job 38:7 mentions the morning stars singing together; this is usually interpreted as a metaphor for angels. The simple music was written in great haste and under great pressure. The song O Little Town of Bethlehem [St. Louis melody] was written by Lewis Redner and Phillips Brooks and . It was covered by Barbara Cook, Tommy Fleming, Hank … Save your favorite songs, access sheet music and more! 6). According to Redner, “The fourth line led to some amusing criticism lest it should smack of the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception. The links to Brooks and Redner open in new windows at an external site, the excellent Cyberhymnal. The rising sixth, which we have before noticed as the composer’s “signature” is there in the last line, and the cadences at the second line and at the end are unmistakably his. 1. The Church Porch: A Service Book and Hymnal for Sunday Schools (E.P. O Little Town of Bethlehem (ST LOUIS) (Handbells, 3 or 5 octaves, Level 3-) Louis Redner wrote this melody in the nineteenth century (note: a different tune is used in the United Kingdom). 1. Incidentally, the tune to the famous carol is generally known as St. Louis. 8 (1906), pp. Dutton, 1874). He was inspired by visiting the Palestinian city of Bethlehem in 1865. O holy Child of Bethlehem, Descend to us, we pray; Cast out our sin, and enter in, Be born in us today. I thought more about my Sunday-school lesson than I did about the music. 1 O little town of Bethlehem, How still we see thee lie! ed. O little town of Bethlehem with ST. LOUIS FOREST GREEN CHRISTMAS CAROL. 3), as well as a transposition of the lines in stanza 2 to begin “O morning stars together.”. Brooks then changed that line to ‘Son of the Mother mild,’ but he afterwards decided to omit the fourth verse altogether from the carol.”[3] This alteration was included in the posthumous Christmas Songs and Easter Carols by Phillips Brooks (NY: E.P. O little town of Bethlehem, How still we see thee lie! Tune: ST. LOUIS, Meter: 86.86.76.86. Original Trinity Hymnal, #152 O little town of Bethlehem, How still we see thee lie; Above thy deep and dreamless sleep The silent stars go by: Yet in thy dark streets shineth The everlasting light; The hopes and fears of all the years Are met in thee tonight. 1924), 11 ^ William Reed Huntington (ed.) Text: Origins. 2. Yet in thy dark streets shineth the everlasting Light; The hopes and … Scripture verses marked ESV are from the English Standard Version, ©2001 Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. This 19th century carol is by Phillips Brooks (1835–1893). Erik Routley, “O little town of Bethlehem,” Companion to Congregational Praise (London: Independent Press, 1953), p. 300. 1 O little town of Bethlehem, How still we see thee lie! 1), in five stanzas of eight lines. “O Little Town of Bethlehem” is an arrangement for choir and piano accompaniment with varying choral textures. 3A (NY: Church Hymnal Corp., 1994), nos. Is it from the 1944 Judy Garland movie Meet Me In St. Louis… Print and Download ST. LOUIS (O Little Town Of Bethlehem) (IA) sheet music. Dutton & Co., 1870 | Fig. Yet in thy dark streets shineth the everlasting Light; The hopes and fears of all the years are met in thee tonight. Above thy deep and dreamless sleep the silent stars go by. Words by Phillips Brooks, inspired by visiting the village of Bethlehem in the Sanjak of Jerusalem in 1865. This tune was adopted into The English Hymnal (Oxford: University Press, 1906), set to “O little town of Bethlehem” (Fig. 78–79. 2. 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