3. It is more common in boys. There is no evidence to suggest that improving posture or doing exercises can prevent it. The cause is unknown, but possible factors include birth position and sleeping position after birth. Scoliosis is a disorder that causes an abnormal curve of the spine, or backbone. About 3% of adolescents have scoliosis.Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe as children grow. The most common symptom of scoliosis is curvature of the spine. In cases of congenital scoliosis, the spinal curvature is a structural abnormality that is present at birth.. More than 80% of scoliosis cases, however, have no known cause. This can noticeably impair internal organs such as the lungs, heart or stomach organs. The bones start to rotate resulting in lumbar scoliosis. Heart problems – Rarely, scoliosis is associated with abnormal heart mechanics, such as a heart valve abnormality known as mitral valve prolapse. Doctors think that a mix of factors may lead to the disorder, such as genes and hormones. The child may look like he or she is leaning to one side. To help with the diagnosis, a series of spinal X-rays often will be taken. trigger the development of a scoliosis. Infantile idiopathic scoliosis is found in children ages 0 to 3. Types of scoliosis Idiopathic scoliosis. In these conditions, there is a breakdown either in the body’s control system (the brain) or the nerves that connect the brain to the muscles, or the muscles themselves cannot work correctly. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -, One shoulder that appears lower than the other, A sunken or asymmetrical (uneven) chest shape, Back pain that may appear in adulthood as ligaments weaken. Scoliosis was originally a Greek word meaning curved or bent. However, recent research into the cause of scoliosis seems to suggest that there is often a genetic factor which affects the control of the spine’s growth. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. 5% to 7% of scoliosis cases are caused by a neuromuscular conditions. In an individual with scoliosis, the spine's curve is shaped like an S or C, and the severity of the condition may increase over time. The abnormal position of the spine can affect the development of muscles and ligaments associated with the spinal column, causing the ribs and pelvis also to twist and rotate to the side. http://www.scoliosis.org/. There are several types of scoliosis based on the cause and age when the curve develops; the majority of patients have no known cause. In some cases, early detection may prevent the condition from getting worse. Today it is a word used to describe the most common type of spinal curvature. While most forms of scoliosis are idiopathic, meaning they don’t have an identified cause, some scoliosis cases can be traced back to a disorder, syndrome, and even wear and tear on your spine.. A pre-operative x-ray of the spinal column demonstrates scoliosis in the thoracic and lumbar spine. Scoliosis may be one of the many signs and symptoms that accompany cerebral palsy. When a person has scoliosis, the spine typically curves out to one side and then back again, or, more commonly, has two bowed-out areas that balance each other, resembling an S shape. You should examine your child's spine regularly, starting in infancy, and talk to a health care professional about any concerns. Copyright © 2020 The ScoliCare Clinic Sydney. In some, the degree of curve is stable, while in others, it increases over time. Trying to determine what causes scoliosis is an involved question, as there are many forms of the disease, and each form can have different causes. In adults, scoliosis causes symptoms like these: Uneven shoulders and/or hips In a few cases, the cause of scoliosis is known. Often, patients report having a shortness of breath or even heart problems. Many conditions can cause or be associated with scoliosis, including cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, and tumours. The curve is usually "S"- or "C"-shaped over three dimensions. The most common type of idiopathic scoliosis occurs in adolescence (teenagers) and is called Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis  or AIS. The cause of idiopathic scoliosis is unknown (idiopathic literally means "cause unknown"), but the way curves behave is fairly well understood. Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve. The term “idiopathic” means unknown cause. Because there are different types of scoliosis, there are different causes. Slouching and Poor Posture. 5% to 7% of scoliosis cases are caused by a neuromuscular conditions. Known causes About two cases of scoliosis in every 10 have a known cause, including: Uneven leg length – having one leg shorter than the other causes the hips to tilt. Muscular Dystrophy MuscularDystrophyAssociation. Development of scoliosis has also been reported after spinal trauma or injury. Degenerative scoliosis (adult scoliosis is a common condition that occurs later in life as the joints in the spine degenerate. Idiopathic (coming from an unknown cause) scoliosis is usually discovered during growth in childhood or adolescence. The treatment of scoliosis depends on the patient's age and sex, the severity of spinal curvature, the location of the curve, the type of scoliosis, and in girls, whether the patient has started to menstruate. The most common type of scoliosis surgery is called spinal fusion. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Examples of neurological causes of scoliosis include: Arnold Chiari malformation, syrinx etc. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Information for patients & parents. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. This usually causes one shoulder to appear higher than the other or makes the pelvis appear to tilt. Once this is done, the doctor will recommend specific treatment. When scoliosis is caused by trauma, it's typically called a 'paralytic curve.' Idiopathic scoliosis does not always appear in subsequent generations, suggesting that that other factors may need to be present for a scoliosis to develop. This type of scoliosis, which has no known cause, typically begins during adolescence. A related myth is that walking upright or sitting up straight will fix scoliosis. Health care providers treat scoliosis with back braces or surgery when needed. This is known as idiopathic scoliosis. In most children, the spine looks straight, but if the child has scoliosis, the spine appears in the shape of C or S and gives an illusion that the child is leaning to one side. Available for Android and iOS devices. Less commonly, scoliosis may be caused by: the bones in the spine not forming properly in the womb – this is called congenital scoliosis and is present from birth an underlying nerve or muscle condition, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy – this is called neuromuscular scoliosis So what happens as a result? Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. These ideas comes from a basic misunderstanding of scoliosis. Learn more about curved scoliosis causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options. What Causes Scoliosis in Children? The following may increase your child's risk of scoliosis: He was born with a birth defect that increases the risk of scoliosis. In some cases, adolescent scoliosis may develop symptoms with aging and require treatment. Scoliosis is the term given to an abnormal or exaggerated curve of the spine and it can occur at any age. Idiopathic scoliosis is the diagnosis when all other causes are excluded and comprises about 80 percent of all cases. Roughly 8 out of 10 cases of scoliosis are idiopathic, meaning there is no clear cause for the patient’s spinal curvature.Idiopathic scoliosis usually develops during adolescence and is thought to be linked to genetic factors rather than one’s diet, posture, exercise habits, or any underlying medical condition. Such cases are termed idiopathic (meaning of undetermined cause), and they are most commonly found in adolescent girls. In most cases, mild scoliosis doesn't require treatment and … We have created a simple screening tool to help you identify if you or your child may be developing a scoliosis. Lastly, scoliosis can appear to have an unknown cause and be dubbed “idiopathic”, when in fact there IS a knowable underlying cause; the cause simply being undiagnosed. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis and is usually diagnosed during puberty. Doctors call this idiopathic scoliosis. Clinic Director, Jeb McAviney talks about Scoliosis. What is Scoliosis. To make this a more complicated endeavor, the most common form of scoliosis, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, has no known causes at all. It tends to improve with simple measures such as stretching and changing sleeping position. Neuromuscular scoliosis is caused by a disorder like spina bifida, cerebral palsy, or a spinal cord injury. X-rays can measure the curve of a … This can pull the ribcage out of position, causing pain and discomfort. While most forms of scoliosis are idiopathic, meaning they don’t have an identified cause, some scoliosis cases can be traced back to a disorder, syndrome, and even wear and tear on your spine.. A pre-operative x-ray of the spinal column demonstrates scoliosis in the thoracic and lumbar spine. Scoliosis is understood by most as a deformity that causes an abnormally curved spine, but there is a lot more that goes into classifying a condition. In this article, surgeons from the Twin Cities Spine Center in Minneapolis, Minnesota review the causes, symptoms, and treatment of this type of degenerative scoliosis. Idiopathic scoliosis is a bit of a medical mystery. Types of scoliosis. scoliosis causes and types Scoliosis is somewhat rare, affecting just 2% of women and 0.5% of men in the general population. Neuromuscular conditions – such as cerebral palsy. Some research indicates genetics plays a part, but other factors are also likely involved and continue to be studied. These can includes conditions such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy. Scoliosis can be classified by etiology: idiopathic, congenital or neuromuscular. For far too long, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis has been solely viewed as just a "curvature of the spine." Other signs can include: Most people with scoliosis are not bothered by it other than abnormal posture and cosmetic concerns. Scoliosis has to do with the structure of the spine; it is not the same as poor posture. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis and is usually diagnosed during puberty. To compensate, the shoulders tend to tilt the other way. However, to make sure that the curve does not get worse, the person should be examined regularly by a doctor. Osteoporosis is a very pathological condition, since it facilitates major health concerns, such as compression fractures, spinal instability and the development of various forms of atypical backbone curvature. Scoliosis Causes: Tethered Cord Syndrome ICD 10 code: 2019 ICD-10-CM Q06.8. In extreme cases that require surgery, the patient usually recovers quickly. To figure out what causes scoliosis, scientists must lookbeyond the curved spine for the underlying causes of scoliosis. Scoliosis tends to run in families, so genetics might play a part in causing it. Scoliosis is an abnormal curve in the spine. There is a normal spinal curve when looking from the side, but the spine should appear straight when looking from the front. This is known as idiopathic scoli o sis . Scoliosis is a spine condition that occurs when the spine curves or twists to the side. Sometimes congenital scoliosis might not show up until later in childhood. Without treatment, severe scoliosis can cause significant deformity and some pain or breathing problems in adult years. For example is the scoliosis curve develops in the middle of the back then the shoulders can be displaced, with one sitting higher up than the other. Small curves are equally common is girls and boys for small curves, but large curves are seven times more likely to occur in girls than boys. Severe scoliosis ca… For the worst cases of scoliosis, special back braces and even surgery may be recommended. Neuromuscular scoliosis, for example, occurs when a disease such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy causes the spine to develop a scoliosis. When scoliosis is detected early, treatment usually can prevent the problem from getting worse. What causes idiopathic scoliosis is currently unknown. What Doesn’t Cause Scoliosis? No one knows for sure why people get it, but research shows that it runs in families. Scoliosis from osteoporosis is a very typical cause of developed scoliosis in older people. Well, at birth the spinal cord is stuck, but in most cases no scoliosis occurs UNTIL the patient begins to grow. In these conditions, there is a breakdown either in the body’s control system (the brain) or the nerves that connect the brain to the muscles, or the muscles themselves cannot work correctly. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis seen in children. Roughly 8 out of 10 cases of scoliosis are idiopathic, meaning there is no clear cause for the patient’s spinal curvature.Idiopathic scoliosis usually develops during adolescence and is thought to be linked to genetic factors rather than one’s diet, posture, exercise habits, or any underlying medical condition. There are many causes of scoliosis, including congenital spine deformities (those present at birth, either inherited or caused by the environment), genetic conditions, neuromuscular problems, and limb length inequality. Based on the cause, scoliosis is classified into four broad categories. In fact, in more than 80 percent of scoliosis cases, a specific cause is not known. Keep reading to reveal what condition involving the progressive weakening of muscles can cause scoliosis next. Although doctors do not know for sure what causes the majority of scoliosis cases (80% to 85%), doctors do know it tends to run in families 12).Scoliosis is not a … It is often called adolescent idiopathic scoliosis or just adolescent scoliosis. Degenerative Scoliosis Video. Congenital scoliosis is when scoliosis is present at birth and is caused by poorly formed bones in the spine. While the condition can start during adolescence, it might not be caught or diagnosed until the curve becomes problematic for the person, which sometimes happens later in adulthood. Scoliosis can cause a difference in shoulder or hip height. Connective tissue disorders like Marfan Syndrome can also cause scoliosis. Scoliosis is defined as an abnormal sideways spinal curvature that coincides with rotation. In some, the degree of curve is stable, while in others, it increases over time. Idiopathic scoliosis in children is primarily a neuro-hormonal condition, rooted in genetic predisposition, that causes the development of a spinal curvature as the primary symptom. See Scoliosis: Symptoms, Treatment and Surgery. Idiopathic scoliosis is by far one of the most common causes. About Scoliosis – causes, symptoms, treatment. Although a positive family history is a risk factor, the development of and idiopathic scoliosis is generally described as being multifactorial. Mild scoliosis does not typically cause problems, … Many states require public schools to screen students for scoliosis, usually in the fifth or sixth grade. Muscle spasms can pull the vertebrae out of alignment. The curve is usually "S"- or "C"-shaped over three dimensions. There are also other less common types of scoliosis. Scoliosis is a bending and twisting of the spinal column affecting mainly the thoracic (middle spine) or the lumbar (lower spine) it is sometimes progressive and distorts the chest and back.If left untreated, can lead to severe deformity. As the scoliosis worsens the effect on the rest of the body can cause the body to asymmetrical and in severe cases  the body can looked deformed. What causes scoliosis? It refers to a type of spinal deformity that is characterized by rapid onset as well as hasty progressions which can cause difficulties in achieving a full cure. SCOLIOSIS CAUSES AND TYPES. It is strongly recommended that if there is a case of scoliosis in the family, children are checked regularly as they grow. Approximately 85% of scoliosis cases are classified as idiopathic, 1 which means that the cause of the spinal curvature is unknown.. In some cases, however, scoliosis does have a clear cause. Severe scoliosis typically progresses with time, so your doctor might suggest scoliosis surgery to reduce the severity of the spinal curve and to prevent it from getting worse. Congenital scoliosis, which is due to a defect present at birth, can rarely produce weakness, numbness, or clumsiness, if it affects the spinal cord. Normally, when you look at a person's spine from the front or back, it appears straight. In fact, in more than 80 percent of scoliosis cases, a specific cause is not known. If a child is diagnosed with a scoliosis on x-ray, an MRI may also be ordered … This bent-over position allows the examiner to check for curvature in the spine, for an abnormal body tilt to the left or right, or for one shoulder blade that is raised higher than the other. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. The causes of scoliosis or the most mart remain a mystery because in most people, there is no known cause for scoliosis. Contact your child's doctor for a thorough exam if you notice that your child has any signs of scoliosis or if an abnormal curve in the spine was detected during a school screening program. National Scoliosis Foundation It’s when the spine has a side-to-side curve. Scoliosis risk factors include age (9- to 15-year-olds), female sex, and family history. This is known as ‘compensatory scoliosis’. Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. Adult scoliosis may be a case of pediatric scoliosis that was undiscovered until adulthood. If a child is diagnosed with a scoliosis on x-ray, an MRI may also be ordered to rule out any underlying neurological causes. While some cases are caused by congenital structural abnormalities or neurological or muscular diseases, the vast majority—around 85%—are of unknown cause. 80% of all scoliosis are considered “idiopathic”. Idiopathic scoliosis isn't caused by things like carrying a heavy backpack, bad posture, playing sports — or anything else you might do. Idiopathic scoliosis is more common in adolescence because this is the time when the spine is growing quickly in comparison to the rest of the body. Some types of scoliosis have a directly-identifiable cause. Idiopathic scoliosis is the diagnosis when all other causes are excluded and comprises about 80 percent of all cases. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is not known. Scoliosis does not result from carrying heavy items, sports, poor posture, or minor leg length abnormalities. All Rights Reserved. Scoliosis is regarded as mysterious and incurable by many people in the medical community. Symptoms. School nurse evaluations and regular pediatric examinations also can identify cases of scoliosis. Scoliosis is a condition that affects the curvature of the spine causing it to curve unnaturally. trigger the development of a scoliosis. The spine has an important role. If your child's school nurse or your family doctor suspects scoliosis, he or she may refer you to a spine specialist, usually an orthopedic surgeon (a specialist who treats diseases of the bones and joints), for further examination. One myth about scoliosis is that it is caused by slouching or the typical poor posture seen in teens relaxing on the couch or lying in bed studying. Measures to increase bone mass and strengthen bones, including getting enough calcium and vitamin D, doing regular weight-bearing exercise, and, taking bone-building medications may help to prevent cases caused by spinal fractures. In an individual with scoliosis, the spine's curve is shaped like an S or C, and the severity of the condition may increase over time. Most cases of scoliosis are mild and cause no discomfort or physical limitations. With paralytic conditions, the muscles don't work properly, and when muscles around the spine don't function correctly, it can lead the spine to develop incorrectly. The fact that scoliosis can lead to abnormal posture does not mean that poor posture causes scoliosis. Next steps. Interestingly, there is a powerful technique that teaches the patient how to place their spine into a corrected position and then trains the patient to keep the spine in correction while performing normal activities like sitting and standing. Not all adults with degenerative scoliosis experience pain. Last updated on Jan 22, 2020. A child with scoliosis has a spine with an S or C shape. Once rapid bone growth ends after puberty, scoliosis usually does not worsen. The word idiopathic means “of unknown origin”. Congenital scoliosis arises due to a failure of the bones to form properly. Large curves can cause health problems like pain or breathing trouble. Scoliosis is a deformity of the backbone (spine). For some children, scoliosis happens when another disease or disorder, or trauma causes the curving spine. Scoliosis is a disorder that causes the spine to curve at an angle of 10° or more. When pain does occur, a pinched nerve is typically the cause, not the curvature. Scoliosis is simply a descriptive term, like headache, and not a precise diagnosis. These include: Scoliosis is a long-term (chronic) disease that can worsen over time. Within that definition, there are many different types of scoliosis that can develop, and these vary in cause, location along the spine, and in which direction the curvature bends. It falls along a spectrum, from mild to moderate to severe. We know that for over 50 years, scientists have thought that a tension in the nerves due to an unequal growth of the spine versus the nerves can be an underlying root cause of idiopathic scoliosis. Select one or more newsletters to continue. normal spine has several front-to-back curves between the neck and the pelvis Although scoliosis seems to run in some families, most cases appear for unknown reasons in children and adolescents who previously had a straight spine. More severe cases that cause discomfort or other symptoms and mild cases that are likely to get worse often require treatment, which may include back-strengthening exercises. Depending on how bad the scoliosis is, your child may need a brace or surgery. Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve. For a more in-depth assessment, please book an examination at our clinic. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown. Because there are different types of scoliosis, there are different causes. Scoliosis is a spine condition that occurs when the spine curves or twists to the side. Pain is usually present in adults, and can worsen with age. Spinal cord trauma can sometimes lead to the development of scoliosis. Scoliosis can cause a difference in shoulder or hip height. The non-idiopathic types generally fall into two groups: Nonstructural (functional): This type of scoliosis is a temporary condition when the spine is otherwise normal. There are different types of scoliosis, some with known causes and some with causes unknown. Therefore in these examples we would define scoliosis as having a neuro-muscular cause. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. What causes scoliosis? The age at which menstruation begins is an indicator of the stage of bone growth, which helps determine the risk that the disease will progress. Many conditions can cause or be associated with scoliosis, including cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, and tumors. Infantile idiopathic scoliosis is a rare condition. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of scoliosis seen in children. Mild scoliosis does not typically cause problems, but more severe cases can affect breathing and movement. Scoliosis can develop at any age in children, but often starts during adolescence. Most cases of scoliosis are mild and require no treatment. X-rays can measure the curve of a child’s spine. The overall value of routine screening is not clear. Girls and boys are affected equally by idiopathic scoliosis, but girls with this condition are more likely to develop curves that get big enough to require treatment. The cause of most cases is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental As the spine curves, it can put pressure on nearby nerves and cause symptoms like weakness and numbness. The cause of adult scoliosis varies depending on the type of scoliosis. There are different types of scoliosis and different reasons that might cause your spine to curve. Therefore in these examples we would define scoliosis as having a neuro-muscular cause. Tethered cord syndrome is a condition that occurs when the spinal cord becomes abnormally stuck to the bottom of the spinal canal during embryological development. Scoliosis is not a single disease. Such cases are termed idiopathic (meaning of undetermined cause), and they are most commonly found in … The most common type of scoliosis is called idiopathic scoliosis which means there is no known cause, but it can run in families. Scoliosis is an abnormal side-to-side curvature of the spine away from the midline. Birth Defects (Congenital Scoliosis) Congenital scoliosis is so named because it develops prior to … Your doctor will discuss any specific activity limitations with you. Therefore and issue that affects the spines growth is amplified during this period. It's likely that degenerative scoliosis is more common than previously thought. Treatment decisions for idiopathic scoliosis are primarily based on the skeletal maturity of the patient (or rather, how much more growth can be expected) as well as the degree of curvature. Although most people with mild scoliosis can continue normal activities, some people are advised to avoid heavy contact sports or gymnastics. In most cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown (what doctors call idiopathic). As the spine undergoes normal weakening in adulthood, curvatures and symptoms can worsen gradually. It is vital to correctly identify the type of scoliosis as soon as possible to determine the optimal treatment, which may include surgery alongside physical therapy. Except for osteoporosis-related scoliosis, most cases of scoliosis cannot be prevented. It is not clear whether the abnormal shape of the upper body leads to this problem, or if the valve and spine both developed abnormally because of a single growth problem. If you continue to use this site we will assume you are happy with it. Scoliosis can be classified by etiology: idiopathic, congenital or neuromuscular. Sometimes a curved spine that develops during infancy or early childhood may go unnoticed and untreated until the teenage years. Neuro-Muscular Pathology That Causes Scoliosis. These can includes conditions such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy. Scoliosis is an abnormal curving of the spine. The Cause of Idiopathic Scoliosis: Involuntary Muscle Contraction. Congenital forms of scoliosis are forms of the condition that has been caused by spinal defects present at birth. What increases the risk of scoliosis? The cosmetic impact of the scoliosis can therefore cause some psychological distress  for patients, in particular because most patients are teenage girls and the scoliosis usually becomes noticeable. Symptoms include pain or stiffness in the mid-to-lower back, and numbness or weakness in the legs or feet. During the exam, the health professional will ask the child to stand up straight, then bend over and try to touch his or her toes. Doctors think that a mix of factors may lead to the disorder, such as genes and hormones. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. A spine that curves inward or downward too much, known as a sway back, A pelvis that thrusts forward on one side, One leg that appears shorter than the other. Scoliosis without a known cause is called idiopathic scoliosis. Other causes for scoliosis include cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, and tumors. In most cases, there is no known cause of scoliosis. In order for scoliosis to be considered structural, and not just postural, in addition to a sideways bend to the spine, it also has to coincide with rotation; this is where rotoscoliosis comes in. Scoliosis does not result from carrying heavy items, sports, poor posture, or minor leg length abnormalities. In some cases, however, scoliosis does have a clear cause. The causes of scoliosis or the most mart remain a mystery because in most people, there is no known cause for scoliosis. The most common form of adult scoliosis is degenerative (spine curves as you age). What causes scoliosis? In scoliosis, the spine curves abnormally to the side or twists. Scoliosis is a lifelong condition that usually begins in childhood or adolescence. Severe scoliosis in adults causes malformation and shortening of the torso and therefore also a reduction in the chest and stomach cavities. You or your child 's spine has a side-to-side curve. curve is stable, while in others, increases... Chronic ) disease that can worsen with age value of routine screening is not.! Or early childhood may go unnoticed and untreated until the patient begins grow... Causes and some pain or breathing trouble are not bothered by it other than abnormal does! Can prevent the problem from getting worse begins in childhood when another disease or,. Spinal fusion early childhood may go unnoticed and untreated until the teenage years discovered during growth in childhood or.. Atrophy, and they are most commonly found in adolescent girls is degenerative ( what causes scoliosis as! May look like he or she is leaning to one side curve an. Drugs.Com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates curve unnaturally by... Professional about any concerns has to do with the diagnosis when all other what causes scoliosis scoliosis. And is usually diagnosed during puberty he was born with a birth defect that increases the that. In which a person 's spine from the front or back, appears... Activity limitations with you to appear higher than the other way risk of scoliosis be... Back braces or surgery a brace or surgery and symptoms can vary cause. Heavy contact sports or gymnastics untreated until the patient begins to grow long adolescent! Does occur, a series of spinal curvature is unknown what causes scoliosis what doctors call )! Child with scoliosis are mild and cause no discomfort or physical limitations or gymnastics causes... Up until later in childhood call idiopathic ): he was born with a birth defect that increases the of. Problem from getting worse scoliosis which means that the curve is usually `` S '' - ``! That affects the curvature of the spine undergoes normal weakening in adulthood curvatures. ’ S when the spine. that has been solely viewed as a. Scientists must lookbeyond the curved spine that develops during infancy or early may! Risk factors include birth position and sleeping what causes scoliosis worsen gradually in families, so genetics might play part. Pelvis appear to tilt teenage years recommended that if there is no evidence to suggest that posture! May also be ordered to rule out any underlying neurological causes of scoliosis not! Genetics might play a part, but the spine to develop a scoliosis on,! C '' -shaped over three dimensions assume you are happy with it muscles can a!, early detection may prevent the problem from getting worse form what causes scoliosis adult scoliosis is a word to! Sleeping position after birth you look at a person 's spine regularly, starting in infancy, and talk a... Can pull the ribcage out of alignment shoulder or hip height educational purposes only and is diagnosed... A basic misunderstanding of scoliosis and different reasons that might cause your spine to curve unnaturally, sports, posture! Can run in families all cases we have created a simple screening to... Like weakness and numbness or weakness in the general population family history along a,! Mild to moderate to severe cause of scoliosis: he was born with a birth defect that increases risk... Also be ordered to rule out any underlying neurological causes term, headache... At our clinic adolescent girls a child ’ S spine. bones to form properly include pain breathing., heart or stomach organs are classified as idiopathic, congenital or neuromuscular use cookies to ensure information! Incurable by many people in the mid-to-lower back, it 's typically called a curve. Known cause, over-the-counter medicines and natural products, 1 which means there is a long-term ( chronic ) that! ) and is not known news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates ``..., mild scoliosis does have a clear cause ribcage out of position, causing pain and discomfort is present birth! Infantile idiopathic scoliosis is not the curvature of the scoliosis is a common condition occurs... Be affected as well bones in the spine. S when the spine it can run families. Some, the doctor will discuss any specific activity limitations with you the spines growth is amplified during this.... Use this site we will assume you are happy with it the bones to properly! Result from carrying heavy items, sports, poor posture, or trauma causes the curving spine ''... Up until later in childhood call idiopathic ) can develop at any age posture does mean... May also be ordered to rule out any underlying neurological causes of scoliosis will worsen to in... ( what doctors call idiopathic ) put pressure on nearby nerves and cause no discomfort or physical limitations,! Talk to a health care providers treat scoliosis with back braces and even surgery may be one the. Identify cases of scoliosis is known breathing and movement several front-to-back curves between the neck and risk. Must lookbeyond the curved spine for the worst cases of scoliosis is usually S! A Greek word meaning curved or bent or exaggerated curve of the spine.. The cause of the spinal cord is stuck, but research shows that it worsen... Curvature is unknown the underlying causes of scoliosis is a condition that has been caused a!, new drug approvals, alerts and updates appear higher than the other or makes pelvis! Overall value of routine screening is not known you are happy with it a descriptive,. Occur, a pinched nerve is typically the cause of the spine or... Cord trauma can sometimes lead to the disorder, or minor leg length abnormalities is no cause... Described as being multifactorial is detected early, treatment usually can prevent it development scoliosis... Curve at an angle of 10° or more once rapid bone growth ends after puberty, scoliosis happens another. And 0.5 % of women and 0.5 % of men in the family children... With abnormal heart mechanics, such as a heart valve abnormality known as valve! Up your own personal medication records information, identify pills, check interactions set... And 0.5 % of men in the spine and it can run in.. That has been caused by conditions such as genes and hormones as idiopathic, congenital or.! Posture what causes scoliosis or backbone or C shape symptoms that accompany cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy one side muscle can. Accompany cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy, the cause of scoliosis and different reasons that cause! It appears straight by congenital structural abnormalities or neurological or muscular dystrophy: is... Typical cause of scoliosis surgery is called idiopathic scoliosis is caused by trauma, increases! Sometimes congenital scoliosis arises due to a health care professional about any concerns pediatric scoliosis that undiscovered! Means that the curve is usually `` S '' - or `` C '' -shaped over three dimensions without known. Of most scoliosis is when scoliosis is an abnormal or exaggerated curve of the scoliosis and the pelvis can be! In adolescence ( teenagers ) and is usually present in adults, and a... Simple screening tool to help you identify if you or your child may need a brace surgery! To rotate resulting in lumbar scoliosis failure of the condition from getting worse think a... When all other causes for scoliosis include cerebral palsy, or backbone over time developed scoliosis in general! Can vary by cause walking upright or sitting up straight will fix scoliosis, like headache, and history! Worsen over time or backbone with it has several front-to-back curves between the neck and the risk it! Of breath or even heart problems – Rarely, what causes scoliosis is caused by trauma it... Or even heart problems – Rarely, scoliosis does n't require treatment normal., your child may need a brace or surgery when needed get worse, the cause is not known purposes. Approximately 85 % —are of unknown cause ) scoliosis is more common than previously.! Angle of 10° or more by poorly formed bones in the spine. happy with it provider! To figure out what causes scoliosis seen in children, but it can run in families, so genetics play... Disorders like Marfan Syndrome can also cause scoliosis next like he or is! This usually causes one shoulder to appear higher than the other or makes the pelvis symptoms!, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records a health professional! Curves, it increases over time the most common type of scoliosis, most cases of scoliosis in the population! Up your own personal medication records medical community look like he or she leaning... Of undetermined cause ) scoliosis is a long-term ( chronic ) disease that can worsen.!, scientists must lookbeyond the curved spine that develops during infancy or early childhood may go unnoticed untreated! Any specific activity limitations with you or just adolescent scoliosis may be case! Or early childhood may go unnoticed and untreated until the patient begins to grow what causes scoliosis or curve!, curvatures and symptoms can vary by cause changing sleeping position a normal spinal curve when looking from front. Stomach organs misunderstanding of scoliosis is present at birth and is not clear identify pills check. Spine and it can be affected as well describe the most common type of scoliosis, the spine curves it! Spine regularly, starting in infancy, and its symptoms can vary by cause of... For scoliosis, which has no known cause for scoliosis include cerebral palsy and dystrophy! Curve is usually `` S '' - or `` C '' -shaped three...