Ho Chi Minh City is one of these cities and has a well-developed infrastructure of tunnels beneath the city that were used during the various wars to transport soldiers and goods safely. The district's density is 26,538 inhabitants per square kilometre (68,730/sq mi), very high compared to Ho Chi Minh City (3,419/km (8,860/sq mi)) and Vietnam (259/km (670/sq mi)) respectively. The distance from the northernmost point (Phú Mỹ Hưng Commune, Củ Chi District) to the southernmost one (Long Hòa Commune, Cần Giờ District) is 102 km (63 mi), and from the easternmost point (Long Bình ward, District Nine) to the westernmost one (Bình Chánh Commune, Bình Chánh District) is 47 km (29 mi). Ho Chi Minh City is a regional force in finance and business, classified as a Beta city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Navibank Saigon F.C., founded as Quân Khu 4, also based at Thống Nhất Stadium, emerged as champions of the First Division in the 2008 season, and were promoted to the V-League in 2009. Planners expect the route to serve more than 160,000 passengers daily. [57], In 2007, the city's GDP was estimated at $14.3 billion, or about $2,180 per capita, up 12.6 percent from 2006 and accounting for 20% of the country's GDP. [11] A settlement called Baigaur was established on the site in the 11th century by the Champa. In 2014, tourism revenue has hit VND 78.7 trillion (US$3.7 billion), up to 4 percent compared to the same period in 2013. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. The Viet Cong and North Vietnamese, on the other hand, were supported by the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China. Cholon – in District 5 and parts of Districts 6, 10 and 11 – is home to the largest Chinese community in Vietnam. Army Stadium was of the venues for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup finals. The Viet Minh-held sections of Vietnam were more concentrated in rural areas. Central location. In time, Prey Nokor became known as Saigon. Originally called Prey Nokor ("Forest City") or Preah Reach… Due to its history, artworks have generally been inspired by both Western and Eastern styles. The city's Industrial Product Value was $6.4 billion, equivalent to 30% of the value of the entire nation. [citation needed] Initially called Gia Dinh, the Vietnamese city became Saigon in the 18th century. Ho Chi Minh City has grown by 230,889 since 2015, which represents a 2.76% annual change. The Voice of Ho Chi Minh City is the largest radio station in south Vietnam. However, there is a technical difference between the two terms: Sài Gòn is commonly used to refer to the city center in District 1 and the adjacent areas, while Ho Chi Minh City refers more to the entire modern city with all its urban and rural districts. [28] The year is divided into two distinct seasons. The city has recovered in the 30 years since then, with the current population at over 7 million. The result of the 2009 Census shows that the city's population was 7,162,864 people, about 8.34% of the total population of Vietnam, making it the highest population-… How does Hanoi compare to Ho Chi Minh City? 33.1°C vs 28°C; 3.9°C higher average temperature? In mid-2007, the city's population was 6,650,942 – with the 19 inner districts home to 5,564,975 residents and the five suburban districts containing 1,085,967 inhabitants. The main means of transport within the city are motorbikes, cars, buses, taxis, and bicycles. Many major international TV channels are provided through two cable networks (SCTV and HTVC), with over one million subscribers. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Ho Chi Minh … After it was ceded by the last Vietnamese dynasty to the French in 1862, the name Saigon was adopted and the city underwent urbanisation to become an important economic centre in the region. [96], Ho Chi Minh City hosts a number of international sports events throughout the year, such as the AFF Futsal Championship and the Vietnam Vertical Run. Although the city takes up just 0.6% of the country's land area, it contains 8.34% of the population of Vietnam, 20.2% of its GDP, 27.9% of industrial output and 34.9% of the FDI projects in the country in 2005. Ho Chi Minh City has seen many name changes in its history! The average elevation is 19 metres (62 ft) above sea level. The State officially became the Republic of Vietnam when Bảo Đại was deposed by his Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm in the 1955 referendum. [63], The economy of Ho Chi Minh City consists of industries ranging from mining, seafood processing, agriculture, and construction, to tourism, finance, industry and trade. The total area covered is 2,061 square kilometers, and was once the capital of … Prey Nokor was the most important commercial seaport to the Khmers. Nowhere are these challenges more pressing than in Ho Chi Minh City, the country’s largest city and its commercial capital. According to the 2019 census, Ho Chi Minh City has a population of over 8.9 million within city proper and over 21 million within the metropolitan area. Some of the historic hotels are the Hotel Majestic, dating from the French colonial era, and the Rex and Caravelle hotels are former hangouts for American officers and war correspondents in the 1960s & '70s. According to the most recent international tourist statistic, Ho Chi Minh City welcomed 6 million tourists in 2017. Other ethnic minorities, include Khmer 0.34%, Cham 0.1%. It gets its former name by the Saigon River that it surrounds in the southeast of Vietnam. [34] In mid-2007, the city's population was 6,650,942 – with the 19 inner districts home to 5,564,975 residents and the five suburban districts containing 1,085,967 inhabitants. Source 1: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology, Satramart – 460 3/2 Street, Ward 12, District 10, SC VivoCity (2015) – 1058 Nguyen Van Linh Boulevard, Tan Phong Ward, District 7, Zen Plaza (1995) – 54–56 Nguyễn Trãi St, District 1, Co.opmart – Multiple locations (District 1, District 3, District 5, District 6, District 7, District 8, District 10, District 11, District 12, Binh Chanh District, Binh Tan District, Binh Thanh District, Cu Chi District, Go Vap District, Hoc Mon District, Phu Nhuan District, Tan Phu District, and Thu Duc District), This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 10:00. [5] The city is an emerging international tourist destination, with popular landmarks related to the remnants of its colonial past showcased through colonial architecture. Population. [75], Ho Chi Minh City is also a terminal for many Vietnam Railways train routes in the country. The Story of Ho Chi Minh City. [3] Located in southeastern Vietnam, the city surrounds the Saigon River and covers about 2,061 square kilometres (796 square miles). [56] In 2007, the city received over 400 FDI projects worth $3 billion. While 34% of the population has no religious affiliation, 12% identifies as Roman Catholic and 4% practice other religions such as Hao Hao, Cao Dai, Hinduism, and Islam. Vietnam: Ho Chi Minh City Municipality Contents: Districts and Communes. Ho Chi Minh City has a number of coach houses, which house coach buses to and from other areas in Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh City has two clear seasons in the year, which being rainy season and dry season. The current population of Ho Chi Minh City is difficult to determine as the most recent census was performed in 2009. More than fifty banks with hundreds of branches and about 20 insurance companies are also located inside the city. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Ho Chi Minh City, which typically includes Ho Chi Minh City's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas. Lifestyle in Ho Chi Minh City HCMC has a population of about 9 million people, a number equaled by the number of motorbikes. 1951 1,231,000 A project to dredge these routes has been approved to facilitate transport, to be implemented in 2011–14. 4 April 1967 speech by Martin Luther King, Jr. at Riverside Church in New York City. Dot.com investors here are supplied with other facilities and services such as residences and high-speed access to the internet as well as favourable taxation. [78] HCMC Ferrybus was also established as a maritime public transport. 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