King Mongkut, an acute observer of international affairs, managed to come to terms with the British by granting them extraterritoriality and free trade in the Bowring treaty of 1855. The King and I was originally a stage musical, produced in 1951. Mongkut, or Rama IV, was king of Siam, now Thailand, from 1851 to 1868.He has been immortalized, and sadly calumniated, in various versions of The King and I.. Mongkut Before Kinghood. AS YOU READ Use the web below to show the various lands controlled by each Western nation. US Imperialism … Born on Oct. 18, 1804, Mongkut was the forty-third child of King Rama II (reigned 1809-1824), but he was the first son to be born of Queen Suriyen and thus was favored to succeed to the throne. King Mongkut and his son Chulalongkorn modernized Siam by building schools, reforming the legal system, ending slavery, building railroads and telegraph lines. III. The treaty ne- King Mongkut was duly informed19 that by far the largergotiators were themselves the state's most senior and experi- portion of philosophical apparatus, illustrative of astronomy,enced administrators, who in 1851 had moved decisively to electricity and optics, were irretrievably damaged in the un-put King Mongkut on the throne. Interestingly, King Mongkut saw Anna’s presence differently. U. S. Imperialism in the Pacific Islands A. King Mongkut was the 4th King of Siam's Chakri Dynasty and helped it modernize to stay out of being imperialised by pitting Europeans against each other so that they would remain independent while their neighbours fell on all sides. ... • King Mongkut and his son King Chulalongkorn maintained friendly relations with the major European powers. ¥ Colonial export policies exploited native populations and opened up markets for European manufactured goods. The New Imperialism • They needed new markets for European goods and raw materials such as rubber, oil, and tin. King Rama IV or King Mongkut followed tradition in having many wives and many children. He founded modern Thai Buddhism and as king took a leading role in opening his kingdom to the West. The first film version was produced in 1956 and there have been a number of remakes since (there was an earlier film based on the same events, called Anna and the King of Siam, produced in 1946).The screenplay was based on the book Anna and the King of Siam, written in 1944 by Margaret Landon. While Anna Leonowens was quick to take credit for her influence in the modernization of Siam/Thailand, clearly the King's decision to have a governess or tutor of British background was already part of a beginning of such modernization. Mongkut (1804-1868) was king of Thailand as Rama IV. Anna saw her presence within the palace walls as a way of expanding British beliefs, especially Christianity and anti-slavery. Mongkut was born in 1804 in the Grand Palace in Bangkok, and died there in 1868. In this section, you will read about imperialism in Southeast Asia. The Philippines Change Hands • 1. (The Grand Palace is now a major tourist attraction and national monument, though the royal family no longer lives there. Siamese people escaped the social turmoil, racists treatment, and economic exploitation of other countries controlled by foreigners. Mongkut and his son Chulalongkorn relied on a mixture of modernization, diplomacy, and sometimes good fortune to defend Siam’s independence. 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