Board investigate, collect and disseminate information relating to water, air and pollution, lay down standards of sewage/trade effluent and emissions. India’s rapid economic development has made us aware of two realities: 1. The revision notes covers all important formulas and concepts given in the chapter. (ii) The intensive and extensive extraction of both renewable and nonrenewable resources. (iii) Environment sustains life. Global warming is a gradual increase in the average temperature of the earth’s lower atmosphere. (iv) Shift to organic farming. All living elements-the birds, animals and plants, forests, fisheries etc. The entire NCERT textbook questions have been solved by best teachers for you. (iv) Land Pollution. Global warming is caused by man-made increase in carbon dioxide (Co2) and other greenhouse gases through the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. (i) Environment supplies resource (both renewable and nonrenewable resources) for production. We hope the given CBSE Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 19 Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context will help you. What changes can you make in your habits to become more environment friendly? (ii) Environment assimilates waste, (iii) No reduction in the ability of the future generation to meet their own needs. The major forms of pollution are as follow Perform such other function as may be prescribed by the Government of India. You will also learn about the concept and need for sustainable development and its strategies. Environment is defined as the total planetary inheritance and the totality of all resources. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter in minutes. India’s rapid economic development has made us aware of two realities: (i) Economic development has lifted millions out from poverty. WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT? These are the Environment and Sustainable Development class 12 Notes Economics prepared by team of expert teachers. are biotic elements. (iv) Shift to organic farming. (vi) Indiscriminate use of agrochemical such as fertilizers and pesticides. tress in forest and the fish in the oceans. Renewable resources are those which can be used without the possibility of the resource becoming depleted or exhausted. Contents1 Page 2712 Page 2753 Page 2784 Page 280 Page 271 Question 1. (viii) Establishment of Mini-Hydel plants. (ii) The intensive and extensive extraction of both renewable and nonrenewable resources. Download Revision Notes as PDF. According to the Environment Act 1986, “Environment includes, water, air and land and […] Environment and sustainable development 1. (ii) Environment assimilates waste, (iii) Environment sustains life. Environment Sustainable Development Class 11 Notes Chapter 9 Indian Economic Development Concept of Environment Environment may be defined as all those conditions and their effects which influence human life. (ii) Saving power by switching off unnecessary lights and fans. (ii) Rational use of natural resources. Pollution is contamination of useful things such as air, water, land etc. The NCERT solutions for CBSE Class 12 Commerce Accountancy Chapter Environment and Sustainable Development at TopperLearning is detailed and extensive. (ii) Economic development has been accompanied by accelerated depletion of natural resources and rapid deterioration in environment quality. (ii) Use of cleaner fuels: LPG, Gobargas in rural areas and CNG in Urban areas. Board investigate, collect and disseminate information relating to water, air and pollution, lay down standards of sewage/trade effluent and emissions. Non renewable resources are those which get exhausted with extraction and use. (iv) For non-renewable resources, rate of depletion should not exceed the rate of creation of renewable substitutes. Focus is on education and community outreach. (iv) Encroachment into forest lands. (ii) Forest fires and over grazing. Free PDF download of Class 11 Indian Economic Development Chapter 9 - Environment and Sustainable Development Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by our expert Indian Economic Development teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books. Environment and Sustainable Development Notes MODULE - 8 Contemporary Economic Issues 106 In the above section you have read about different types of pollution, their sources and effects. Understanding the problems requires brief analysis of the main environmental problems on a global scale and their Global warming is caused by man-made increase in carbon dioxide (Co2) and other greenhouse gases through the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. (ii) Generation of wastes should remain within the absorption capacity of the environment. (ii) Technological progress should be input efficient and not input consuming. (ix) Poverty of the agriculture-dependent people. The term used by the Brundtland Commission defined it as development with sustainability that "meets the needs of the present and also compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." (ii) Extinction of species as ecological niches disappear. Projects have a unique position- they can interact closely with stakeholders to identify corporate and project SD issues. Sustainable development is a concept that appeared for the first time in 1987 with the publication of the Brundtland Report, warning of the negative environmental consequences of economic growth and globalization, which tried to find possible solutions to the problems caused by industrialization and population growth. (iv) Environment enhances quality of life. (v) Shifting cultivation. (v) Inefficiencies arising from pollution should be corrected. Chapter - 9 After studying this chapter, the learners will understand the concept of environment analyse the causes and effects of ‘environmental degradation’ and ‘resource depletion’ But what if it comes at the cost of environmental degradation? Ozone depletion refers to reduction in the amount of Ozone (a protective layer) in the stratosphere. (ix) Biopest Control. Plan and cause to be executed a nation-wide programme for the prevention, control or abatement of water and air pollution; Co-ordinate the activities of the State Board and resolve disputes among them; Provide technical assistance and guidance to the State Boards, carry out and sponsor investigation and research relating to problems of water and air pollution, and for their prevention, control or abatement; Plan and organise training of persons engaged in programme on the prevention, control or abatement of water and air pollution; Organise through mass media, a comprehensive mass awareness programme on the prevention, control or abatement of water and air pollution; Collect, compile and publish technical and statistical data relating to water and air pollution and the measures devised for their effective prevention, control or abatement; Prepare manuals, codes and guidelines relating to treatment and disposal of sewage and trade effluents as well as for stack gas cleaning devices, stacks and ducts; Disseminate information in respect of matters relating to water and air pollution and their prevention and control; Lay down, modify or annul, in consultation with the State Governments concerned, the standards for stream or well, and lay down standards for the quality of air; and. If these two conditions are not fulfilled, then environmental crisis occurs. To register Online Tuitions on Vedantu.com to clear your doubts. Chapter: Chapter 9 – Environment and Sustainable Development . This report, published in 1987 by the United Nations World Commission o… If these two conditions are not fulfilled, then environmental crisis occurs. © 2020 myCBSEguide | CBSE Papers & NCERT Solutions, Rural Development Class 12 Notes Economics, Inflation Problem and Policies Class 12 Notes Economics, Employment : Growth, Informalisation and other Issues class 12 Notes Economics, Indian Economy 1950-1990 Class 12 Notes Economics, Human Capital Formation in India class 12 Notes Economics, Economic Reform Since 1991 class 12 Notes Economics, Free Online Test Series for CBSE Students, Case Study based Questions Class 10 Mathematics, CBSE Class 10 English Sample Paper 2020-21, How to add Subjective Questions in Online Tests, The Best Mobile App for CBSE and NCERT Syllabus. (vii) Traditional knowledge and practices. The priority issues identified in India are: In order to address two major environmental concerns in India, viz, water and air pollution, the government set up the central pollution control board (CPCB) in 1974. Monitoring is an important action of the group. Some of the long term results of global warming are as follow: The problem of Ozone depletion is caused by high levels of CFC used as cooling substances in air conditioners and refrigerators or as aerosol propellants and bromofluro-carbons used in fire extinguishers. Sustainable development is that process of development which meets the needs of present generation without reducing the ability of future generation to meet their own needs. This section introduces other issues including biodiversity, climate change, animal and nature conservation, population, genetically modified food, sustainable development, and more. Functions of the Central Board at the National Level. (iv) Check on pollution. (iii) Noise Pollution (iv) For non-renewable resources, rate of depletion should not exceed the rate of creation of renewable substitutes. (i) Limiting the human population. It is a term that we come across in arenas ranging from door-step recycling initiatives to media explanations of global security issues. Revising notes in exam days is on of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days. The term sustainable development is a well-used one and is probably familiar to many within and beyond academia, certainly in the more developed parts of the world. Land degradation refers to a decline in the overall quality of soil, water or vegetation condition, commonly caused by human activities. It includes all the biotic and abiotic elements that influence each other. (iii) Avoiding wastage of food by consuming […] Some of the long term results of global warming are as follow: (i) Melting of polar ice with a resulting rise in sea level and coastal flooding. myCBSEguide provides sample papers with solution, test papers for chapter-wise practice, NCERT solutions, NCERT Exemplar solutions, quick revision notes for ready reference, CBSE guess papers and CBSE important question papers. Find out the 10 GK Questions and Answers on Sustainable Development and Sustainability for UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, and Railways etc. Ozone depletion refers to reduction in the amount of Ozone (a protective layer) in the stratosphere. Revision Notes For Class 11 Economics Chapter 9 Environment And Sustainable Development Environment And Sustainable Development is a chapter that is outlined to help students understand the concept of environment and its significance. Chipko and Appiko movements are related to protect forests. Global warming is a gradual increase in the average temperature of the earth’s lower atmosphere. Free PDF Download - Best collection of CBSE topper Notes, Important Questions, Sample papers and NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 12 Economics Environment and Sustainable Development. To which conception of environment, of education and of sustainable development The World Commission on Environment and Development (Bruntland Commission) defined sustainable development as "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the need of future generations to meet their own needs" (Bruntland Commission – see World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987). (iv) Environment enhances quality of life. The biophysical environment is the combined modeling of the physical environment and the biological life forms within the environment, and includes all variables, parameters as well as conditions and modes inside the Earth's biosphere. Main features of sustainable development is as under: (i) Sustained rise in Real per Capita Income and Economic welfare. (iv) Encroachment into forest lands. Introduction. (i) Economic development has lifted millions out from poverty. If you have any query regarding NCERT Geography Class 12 Notes Chapter 19 Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. (i) Problem of pollution. Revision Notes J.A. Thus we arrive at sustainable development. For example, fossil fuel. The environment is able to perform these functions without any interruption as long as demand on these functions are within its carrying capacity. Answer 1 (i) By minimising the water usage and avoiding its wastage. My name, email, and yet we have damaged the environment position- they can interact closely with to! On environment and Sustainable Development but what if it comes at the cost of environmental?! 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