Spray irrigation relies on a series of hoses and sprayers or sprinklers – you’re probably familiar with this from automatic lawn-watering systems. A derivative of this system, called gentle spray irrigation, is used in areas where wind, a lack of humidity, or high heat levels may increase water waste during irrigation. Irrigation scheduling is the process by which an irrigator determines the timing and quantity of water to be applied to the crop or pasture. Other articles where Sprinkler system is discussed: horticulture: Water management: Sprinkler irrigation is application of water under pressure as simulated rain. By having a properly installed irrigation system, you don’t even have to be home when it comes time to water your lawn and landscape. The first consideration in planning an irrigation project is developing a water supply. omegawiki. Surface Irrigation2. Large scale spray irrigation systems are in … Irrigation has helped to bring most of the fallow land under cultivation. Trickle irrigation involves the slow release of water to each plant through small plastic… Suspended cycle irrigation systems, which are set like traditional timer controllers, with watering schedules, start times and duration. What is drip irrigation?-Drip irrigation is a methodology of controlled irrigation within which water is slowly delivered to the root system of multiple plants. [citation needed] Sprinkler irrigation is the method of applying water in a controlled manner in way similar to rainfall. The challenge is to estimate crop water requirements for different growth stages and climatic conditions. The difference is that the system will stop the next scheduled irrigation when there is enough moisture in the soil. An irrigation sprinkler (also known as a water sprinkler or simply a sprinkler) is a device used to irrigate agricultural crops, lawns, landscapes, golf courses, and other areas.They are also used for cooling and for the control of airborne dust. Whether you choose a large spray irrigation system or a smaller system, they all work basically the same. Irrigation is the watering of land to make it ready for agriculture. Typical usage: “If you want to know more about elevation head you’ll need to see this glossaries definition for pressure head.” Ell A fitting used to change the direction of a pipe. irrigation system Definitions. gates v. tr. Man with hands on his hips . Drip System An irrigation system that uses drip irrigation. Glossary of Irrigation Terms Version 7/1/17 Edited by Eugene W. Rochester, CID ... at the end of a definition indicate that the definition has been truncated. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Change your default dictionary to American English. If you want to start a strawberry farm in the desert, irrigation will be necessary. • Direct Irrigation system – is without storing water Ø W eir/Barrage is constructed across river , raising water level • Reservoir – is when structure is constructed to store To supply with water by means of pipes, sprinklers, ditches, or streams. Definition of irrigation noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Irrigation in Oz Australia has seen a boom in its agricultural production in recent decades, which means that it has also seen a huge increase in the use of irrigation. Irrigation system definition, irrigation history, irrigation scheduling approaches, irrigation examples are briefly described below. Irrigation definition: Irrigation is bathing or washing out a body part, cavity, or wound with water or a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Benefits of Having an Irrigation System. It can save you money. Often both may be required together to assure sustained, high-level production of crops. The water flows from the reservoir into a main canal that conveys water to the irrigation sites. Spray irrigation is a modern and commonly-used system of irrigating, but it also requires machinery. Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. ... advance ratio [AR]: Ratio of the time for the water to reach the end of the field to the total set time for an irrigation set on a furrow irrigation system. Irrigation and drainage improvements are not necessarily mutually exclusive. This system is similar to the way you might water your lawn at home - stand there with a hose and spray the water out in all directions. A system of man-made channels for supplying water to land to allow plants to grow. Example sentences with "irrigation system", translation memory. Irrigation increases the availability of water supply, which in … 1. Three major types of surface irrigation are level basin, furrow, and border strip. A steady, gentle stream is used; pressure should be sufficient to reach the desired area, but not enough to force the fluid beyond the area to be irrigated. Sub-Surface Irrigation System Types of Irrigation Irrigation can be […] Sprinkler irrigation is a method of applying irrigation water which is similar to natural rainfall. A modern large-scale irrigation system consists of the main dam and a network of diversion structures to distribute the water to where it is needed. Micro-irrigation, sometimes called localized irrigation, low volume irrigation, or trickle irrigation is a system where water is distributed under low pressure through a piped network, in a pre-determined pattern, and applied as a small discharge to each plant or adjacent to it. View the pronunciation for irrigation. The drawback of this irrigation system is wastage of water and its inefficient utilization. Elevation Head A measurement of pressure. The parts of a center pivot irrigation system generally include pipes, trusses, wheel towers, and sprinklers. The equipment used for this type of irrigation can also be altered to move in a straight line. Smart irrigation systems use sensors for real-time or historical data to inform watering routines and modify watering schedules to improve efficiency. The main types of irrigation are briefly explained in this article. Modern irrigation system planning and construction Water supply. The owner of land over which there is a current stream, is, as such, the proprietor of the current. Spray irrigation applies water like rain over the designated area. 2. One of the greatest advantages of a smart irrigation system is its ability to save water. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Like many other water system definitions, irrigation has many terms seemingly unique to the industry. Timers can lead to an under- or over-irrigation if they are not correctly programmed or the water quantity is calculated incorrectly (CARDENAS-LAILHACAR 2006). The act of wetting or moistening the ground by artificial means. This is the British English definition of irrigation.View American English definition of irrigation. The Australian government estimates that 70 percent of the water used in rural Australia is used for irrigation. Irrigation is defined as the science of artificially providing water to the land in accordance with the “crop requirement” throughout the “crop period” for the complete nourishment of the plant. irrigation system in English translation and definition "irrigation system", Dictionary English-English online. irrigation [ir″ĭ-ga´shun] 1. washing of a body cavity or wound by a stream of water or other fluid. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is IRRIGATION? Surface irrigation (flood irrigation): It is most common form of irrigation where water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by gravity. Irrigation systems can deliver the proper amount of water needed to effectively grow a healthy lawn and landscape. In such a case, it is known as a linear move irrigation system. Following are some of the most common terms that primarily apply to irrigation. A timer is an essential tool to apply water in the necessary quantity at the right time. Definition and synonyms of irrigation from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. IRRIGATION. Such structures include canals, pumping stations, and barrages. What does IRRIGATION mean? Water will run through a hose or pipe from the water source. Irrigation facilities make it possible to grow more than one crop in most of the areas of the country. in this methodology, water is either dripped onto the soil surface on top of the roots or directly to the root zone. Definition of Irrigation Terms. Using this technique there is even application of water under low pressure to all the plants in the field. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Note many of the terms with different names have substantially the same definition as others. ‘These foreign bodies can be removed by irrigation or with a curette.’ ‘Dizziness was the only side effect reported and was more frequent following irrigation with room temperature solution.’ ‘Methods of mechanical debridement include the use of wet-to-dry dressings, whirlpool, and wound irrigation.’ Irrigation time clock controllers, or timers, are an integral part of an automated irrigation system. Irrigation System a land area, together with the network of canals and other hydraulic-engineering and operating structures that ensure its irrigation. 4- Micro-irrigation. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Irrigation has stabilized the output and yield levels. See drip irrigation above. Subirrigation is the distribution of water to soil below the surface; it provides moisture to crops by upward capillary action. 2. Generally speaking, traditional watering methods can waste as much as 50% of the water used due to inefficiencies in irrigation, evaporation and overwatering. Best suited to larger gardens, irrigation systems can help reduce your workload by automatically water your plants and crops. Drip Irrigation System is a type of micro-irrigation method, which allows slow application of water to the soil consistently over a longer period of time. Definition - What does Irrigation System mean? It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. It can save you time. What is Irrigation System? 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